Dr. Alan McDonald, a a pathologist and leading Lyme researcher, has studied autopsied brains of Alzheimer victims. He hypothesized that Lyme like late stage syphilis could cause a late stage dementia 40 years after infection. He has cultured Lyme spirochetes from the brain tissue of
Alzheimer victims. He has discovered colonies of spirochetes called biofilms. These biofilms help promote the survival of spirochetes in hostile or adverse conditions. In these colonies the spiral form is replaced by cystic forms, granular dot forms and L-forms. Dr. MacDonald does not believe that all cases of Alheimer's ware caused by Lyme disease. However it may be a significant cause of the disease. His web site: www.molecularalzheimer.org shows images of his work and links to his research. Dr. MacDonald has also done work on the vertical transmission of Lyme disease from mother to infant. He has demonstrated Lyme in autopsies of still born infants. This research has tremendous implication and needs to be introduced into the public arena.